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Meet Our Poodles... Our References... Web Page Links

Questions Answered... Whats New at Bijou...Bijou Difference

Contact us: brownpoodles@yahoo.com


Breeding is an expensive "HOBBY"....my goal is to produce my next Champion, Working Partner and Loving Friend.
This Hobby is a study in genetics, possibilities, potential, filled with many challenges and few rewards...

Show Titles/Top Ten Awards we accomplish are a physical assessment achieved by us, that is done by Licensed Professionals
Performance Titles & Total Dog Awards we accomplish are a mental assessment tool achieved by us, that is done by Licensed Professionals
OFA & DNA Health Testing we complete is a guide for us, to breed towards eliminating and avoiding health problems.

Breeders working towards producing a "TOTAL DOG" will use ALL these available tools at their disposal.
~ No Excuses ~

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Adoption Process for a Bijou Puppy
Application for a Bijou Puppy
Baby and New Puppy
Barn Hunt (*for Bijou Puppy people only, please contact us)
Bijou Poodle Difference (why buy from us)
Back Yard Breeders or BYB
Biosensor our Pups
Breeding Contract
Breeding Poodles
Breeding Practices
Brown Poodles
Cars and Trailers for Dogs and Dog shows
Canine Ten Commandments
Carting Poodles
Coats of the Poodle
COI Explained
Colour Breeding and Colour's Explained
Contract for Pet puppy
Designer Breeds $$
Diarrhea (Bijou People please ask for link)
Deposit on a Puppy how it works
Development of a Bijou Puppy from Birth
Do Mom's Miss Their Pups ?
Dog Show Vehicle Options
Dewclaws What are they
Dogs we own
Dog Walker finding a safe one
Events you can do with your Bijou Poodle
Flea, Tick and Heart Worm Medications (Bijou People please ask for link)
Food Choices, Feeding and Food Allergies (Bijou People please ask for link)
Finding a Reputable Breeder
Grooming and Grooming Equipment(Bijou People please ask for link)
Grooming Shop(Bijou people please ask for link)
Health Emergency Care
Helpful Hints and Tips on Poodle Care(Bijou People please ask for link)
History of Bijou Standard Poodles
Incentive Program after purchase
Insurance for Pet Owners
Interview with Smart Poodle Publishing
Is a Standard Poodle For Me ?
Jogging with your Poodle
Layette (what to buy for your puppy)
Litters and upcoming Breedings
Lure Coursing for Poodles and ALL Breeds
Microchip ID
Nails how to trim
New Puppy Common Questions Answered (*for Bijou Puppy people only, contact us)
New Puppy Comes home, What next ? (*for Bijou Puppy people only, contact us)
Nosework (*for Bijou Puppy people only, contact us)
Obedience Basic information and Resource (Bijou people please ask for link)
Pack Leader (Bijou People please ask for link)
Packing for a Dog show
Poodle Racing Association of Canada
Puppy Questions and Answers about Bijou Puppies
Poodle Ear Cleaning (Bijou People please ask for link)
Poodle Structure Explained
Pregnancy of a Poodle (Conception To Birth)
Premier Dog Show UKC 2012
Puppy's First weeks with us
Rainbow Bridge
Rally Obedience Points UKC (Bijou people please ask for link)
Red Poodles
Red Poodle History Page
References for Bijou Poodles
Retired Kings and Queens
Reserving a Bijou Standard Poodle Puppy
Shipping to You
Showing Your Puppy (*for Bijou Puppy people only, contact us)
Showing Reds why is it hard ?
So You Want To Breed Do You ?
Spay and Neutering
Special Needs Poodles
Tails and Dew Claws
"They Said"
Training Gear (where to buy and what to buy)
UKC Entry Form - Fillable
Vaccinations, Flea, Tick and Heartworm Medications (Bijou people please ask for link)
VET RIP OFFS !! (Bijou people please ask for link)
Weight Pulling Explained
Weight Pulling Wheels Score Sheet PDF
Weight Pull score sheet - Word
Whats New with Bijou ?

Hershey and Raven

~ EVERY CONCLUSIVE health test completed
~ are UKC Champions (or on their way) as takes more points to champion UKC than AKC or CKC
~ are Obedience Titled (or on their way)
~ have the calmest most gentle natures of ANY poodles you will ever meet.
~ 24/7 Lifetime Breeder support (we have been around since 1988 !)
~ Our Poodles are the Total Package ~


Health Clearances

There are certain tests to be aware of that can help determine how healthy the parents of your prospective puppy are. Unfortunately, these tests can only examine the outward appearance of the dogs, but cannot truly certify that the dogs do not genetically carry the diseases. Therefore, none of these tests are a guarantee that the puppies will be perfect, but they are the best way to reduce your risks. It is very difficult for breeders to say definitively "No dog from my kennel will get these diseases". Testing cannot gaurantee anything other than a reduced chance that these conditions will be passed on. They are not perfect tests, but they are a start, and are our only weapon in the fight to eradicate genetic diseases from pure bred dogs.

It is an erroneous myth that pure bred dogs are more prone to disease than mixed breeds (or mutts). In fact, this has never been proven. Most owners of mixed breeds never have their dogs put through the genetic tests that pure breds under go, so their chance of producing affected offspring is much greater than a pair of rigorously tested pure breds. "Hybrid Vigor", another popular myth, has been repeatedly proven to only have any resonance in the first generation of offspring, and the same genetic diseases rapidly re appear by the second generation of offspring of mixed breed pairs. Add to this the fact that you cannot accurately predict the size, temperment or appearance of mixed breed puppies.

In short, pure bred dogs are not perfect, but many caring breeders are doing their best to improve their over all condtion. Here are some of the things that are being tested for, what their signifigance is, who governs the testing, and what you should look for. Most breeders will perform some or all of these tests, please take the time to ask first. A general site for more info on genetic disease in pure bred dogs is "Eliminating Genetic Diseases in Dogs: A Buyer's Perspective"

Show, Obedience & Temperament Titles

Let's address the question of "What good are titles?". I hear many people say "Why does it matter if my dog's parents have titles? I just want a pet - titles are just a lot of fancy stuff for show dogs." First of all, it *does* matter. Seeing titles lets you know that the breeder of your dog is interested in MORE than just the breeding of dogs - it lets you know that they are serious about improving their breed, not just taking advantage of it. Please, do not be fooled by the claim that this dog has "Champion Lines" or "Champions in the Pedigree". Seeing a few champions two or three generations back does NOT tell you anything about your dog's breeder, except that they haven't done any showing themselves. Knowing that the mother and father of your new pet are conformation Champions ("CH") increases your chances of getting an adult dog that looks the way the breed you chose is supposed to look - and looks are no doubt part of the reason why you *chose* that breed. Knowing that your new pup's parents have an obedience, therapy or CGC title lets you know that your pup came from dogs with more than just looks - that his parents were smart, intelligent examples of the breed you're going to spend the next ten+ years of your life with.

There are different titles for conformation or obedience a dog can obtain through various dog organizations. While it is not necessary for the parents to have any, titles do suggest that the breeder is interested in promoting and improving the breed. There is a saying that "A balanced dog has a title at both ends" - you see, show titles go at the front of a dog's name, and obedience, temperament and therapy titles go at the end of a dog's name. Therefore, a dog with titles at both ends is sound in mind AND looks.
(reprinted with permission from Bullmarket Frogs)

~ A dog with a title at both ends is said to be a Balanced Dog ~

*Conclusive Health Testing ALL Breeders should be doing*

Hip Dysplasia: $35.00 to OFA certify
Hip Dysplasia is an inherited polygenetic disease that manifests itself in a malformation of the hip joint
in which the ball and socket do not properly fit together. Mildly dysplastic dogs may not exhibit any outward signs.
Moderate to severe cases may exhibit rear end lameness and/or discomfort when getting up.
Arthritis often occurs over time from wearing on the hip joint. Young dogs, five to ten months, may be affected
and older dogs may develop chronic degenerative join disease.
(Breeders should submit hip, patella, cardiac, elbow, thyroid at the same time Vet charge will be around $300.00)
OFA - Orthopedic Foundation for Animals the world recognizes OFA and they also offer certified preliminary Certification
OVC (Ontario veterinary college) Certification done at 18 months is now accepted by OFA for certification but is not graded
PennHip (Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program) now accepted by OFA for Certification
Hip Dysplasia Information
Sample of OFA reports

Elbow Dysplasia: $35.00 to OFA certify
Elbow dysplasia is a general term used to identify an inherited polygenic disease in the elbows of dogs.
Young dogs, four to ten months of age, may begin to show lameness.
The elbows may seem swollen and are held outward from the chest.
(Breeders should submit hip, patella, cardiac, elbow, thyroid, Legg-Calve-Perthes at the same time Vet charge will be $350.00)
OFA Hip/Elbow Application
About Elbow Dysplasia
Importance of Proper Hip Placement

Legg-Calve-Perthes: $25.00 to OFA Certify
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (LCP) is a disorder of hip joint conformation occurring in both humans and dogs.
LCP results when the blood supply to the femoral head is interrupted resulting in avascular necrosis,
or the death of the bone cells. Followed by a period of revascularization, the femoral head is subject to remodeling
and/or collapse creating an irregular fit in the acetabulum, or socket. This process of bone cells dying and fracturing
followed by new bone growth and remodeling of the femoral head and neck, can lead to stiffness and pain.
Legg-Calve-Perthes Application
Legg-Calve-Perthes Information

Patellar Luxation $15.00 to OFA certify
The patella, or kneecap, is part of the stifle joint (knee).
In patellar luxation, the kneecap luxates, or pops out of place, either in a medial or lateral position.
Bilateral involvement is most common, but unilateral is not uncommon.
Animals can be affected by the time they are 8 weeks of age.
The most notable finding is a knock-knee (genu valgum) stance.
The patella is usually reducible, and laxity of the medial collateral ligament may be evident.
The medial retinacular tissues of the stifle joint are often thickened, and the foot can be seen
to twist laterally as weight is placed on the limb.
(Breeders should submit hip, patella, cardiac, elbow, thyroid at the same time Vet charge will be $300.00)
OFA - Orthopedic Foundation for Animals Application
Information on Patellar Luxation

Congenital Cardiac $15.00 to OFA certify
In Standard Poodles, atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent ductus arteriosis (PDA)
are inherited defects of the heart which can lead to a shortened life span and impaired quality of life.
(Breeders should submit hip, patella, cardiac, elbow, thyroid at the same time Vet charge will be $300.00)
Make sure your Veterinarian listens to the heart BEFORE using any anethetic on the dog.
OFA Cardiac Application
Information on Congenital Cardiac Disease

Thyroid Disease $15.00 to OFA certify (most labs charge $15.00)
The most common cause of primary hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) in dogs is autoimmune thyroiditis.
Autoimmune thyroiditis is an inheritable disease that is seen in all three varieties of Poodles,
but is more common in Standard Poodles. This disorder may affect a dog at any age, but clinical signs
are often seen in dogs between two to five years of age. Hypothyroidism is not generally a life-threatening disease,
but it is a permanent condition. When diagnosed, the traditional, effective treatment is a daily, or twice daily,
dose of a thyroid hormone replacement (synthetic L-thyroxine). Dogs with this condition should not be bred.
(Breeders should submit hip, patella, cardiac, elbow, thyroid at the same time Vet charge will be $300.00)
OFA Thyroid Application
Information about Thyroid Disease

vWD (Von Willebrand's Disease) $119.00 to Purchase (OFA 'used to' certify)
Von Willebrands disease is an inherited bleeding disorder.
In vWD, bleeding is caused by the absence of the von Willebrand’s factor, which is needed in the early stages of clotting.
Bleeding is likely to be mild in Standard Poodles with vWD.
VetGen Lab Application
VetGen Lab
About vWD

PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy in Toy and Miniature Poodles only !)
a slowly developing disease process ~ the affected dog will gradually lose its sight and will usually adjust to its handicap.
Information about PRA
Order PRA Test from OptiGen

NEwS (Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures)
Neonatal refers to the time immediately after birth. Encephalopathy refers to a disease affecting the brain.
Thus Neonatal Encephalopathy means a disease of the brain that becomes apparent soon after pups are born.
Affected pups have been weak, uncoordinated, and mentally dull from birth. If they survive the first few days, they nurse adequately.
They may not, however, be able to compete with stronger pups in the litter and their growth may be stunted.
Some cannot stand at all. Others manage to struggle to their feet and walk with jerky movements, falling frequently.
Seizures develop in most affected pups at 4-5 weeks of age. Attempts to control these seizures with medication have proven futile,
and the pups die or are euthanized before they reach weaning age.

DM (Degenerative Myelopathy)
Degenerative myelopathy is a progressive disease of the spinal cord in older dogs.
The disease has an insidious onset typically between 8 and 14 years of age.
It begins with a loss of coordination (ataxia) in the hind limbs. The affected dog will wobble when walking, knuckle over or drag the feet.
This can first occur in one hind limb and then affect the other. As the disease progresses, the limbs become weak and the dog begins
to buckle and has difficulty standing. The weakness gets progressively worse until the dog is unable to walk.
There are no treatments that have been clearly shown to stop or slow progression of DM.
OFA DM information


Juvenile Renal Dysplasia (JRD)
Juvenile renal dysplasia (JRD) is an important category of kidney diseases in canines.
Dysplasia is defined as abnormal growth or development of cells or organs.
Poodles diagnosed as having symptoms of JRD usually only live until the age of 2.
Validity of the DoGenes DNA Testing:
As of 2012 all Poodles tested have been tested as positive for being Carriers or technically speaking are "Homozygous" for JRD
Homozygous means having inherited the same "gene" for a particular trait (JRD) from both parents and in this case
would mean all Poodles tested have tested as being carriers of JRD DNA which means that 2 Homozygous Poodles
bred together would produce pups that would be dropping like flies from this disease at age of 2 and this is just not happening.
Based on this knowledge we feel that this test needs to be refined a bit more before we will support this test.
In the meantime the JRD DNA Test has been made available by Doctor Mary Whiteley
through her own company DOGenes Inc. of Canada.


Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) (DNA testing for Progressive Retinal Atrophy in Toy and Miniature Poodles only !)
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) refers to a group of diseases affecting the retina at the back of the eye.
These diseases cause the cells of the retina, which initially look and function normally, to become increasingly abnormal over time.
In most cases, given a long life, the eventual outcome is blindness.

CERF - The Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) maintains a registry and offers testing.
~ Certification is not a life time "clearance" and is only good for 12 months from the date of the eye exam ~
Annual re-examination is required for a breeder to be able to state that their Poodles have been CERF tested Clear of eye disease for that year.

Addisons Disease
There is no line or color of Standard Poodles that is not affected by Addison's
and no dogs that can be certified as "clear" of the disease.
Breeders who test for Addison's yearly, are only confirming that their dogs do not have the disease at the time of the testing.
Addison's can strike at any age, so testing for Addison's does not guarantee that the dog will not develop Addison's later in life,
nor does it guarantee that any puppies will not develop Addison's.
As of January 2008, it has been announced that researchers have found that Addison's in Standard Poodles is most probably polygenic,
involving the combinations of several genes. It is not, as was thought earlier, a simple recessive. Until more information is known,
the mode of inheritance remains unknown.
The only definitive test for Addison's is the ACTH stimulation test that is performed on a suspected effected dog (ie symptoms present).

SA (Sebaceous Adenitis)
There is no DNA test available to genotypically detect S.A. The exact mode of inheritance is unknown.
Currently, diagnosis is based on skin biopsy samples, and unfortunately the current screening method may result in false negatives.
Sebaceous Adenitis (SA) is a hereditary skin disease in which the sebaceous glands become inflamed, often leading to progressive loss of hair.
The disease is primarily seen in Standard Poodles, Akitas, and Samoyeds, although there have been reported cases in a number of other breeds
and mixed breeds as well. The disease can develop in a wide age range, with age of onset documented as early as 1 year and as late as 12 years.
Males and females appear to be affected equally.

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